Allergy, Immunology, and ENT
In an examination of a type of treatment for allergic rhinitis and asthma that is used in Europe but not approved by FDA, researchers found moderate strength in the evidence from previous studies to support the use of sublingual immunotherapy for the treatment of these conditions, according to a review article in the March 27 issue of JAMA.
In an update to an earlier communication, FDA announced that the manufacturers of the leukotriene inhibitors montelukast (Singular), zafirlukast (Accolate), zileuton (Zyflo), and zileuton extended-release (Zyflo CR) are adding information about neuropsychiatric events to product labeling.
Drug Watch: Agents in late-stage development for the treatment of allergic rhinitis and sinusitis/rhinosinusitis (September 2007) (PDF)
Agents in late-stage development for the treatment of allergic rhinitis and sinusitis/rhinosinusitis
Children who receive broad-spectrum antibiotics during their first year of life are at increased risk of developing childhood asthma.That was the conclusion of researchers who conducted a large, longitudinal, case-control study.
Privigen: New formulation recently approved by FDA for the treatment of primary immunodeficiency and chronic immune thrombocytopenic purpura
A new formulation for immune globulin intravenous (human), 10% liquid, a polyvalent human immunoglobulin G approved for the treatment of primary immunodeficiency and chronic immune thrombocytopenic purpura.
LOCSS trial: Once-daily fluticasone plus salmeterol superior to montelukast as step-down therapy for mild persistent asthma
In a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, controlled trial, investigators demonstrated that in patients whose asthma was well controlled with the use of fluticasone twice daily, switching to fluticasone plus salmeterol once daily did not increase the rates of treatment failure, but switching to montelukast once daily resulted in a 60% increased risk of treatment failure.
Budesonide plus formoterol associated with better control of persistent asthma control than gold standard therapy
In a 6-month, randomized, double-blind study, use of budesonide/formoterol as both maintenance and reliever therapy was demonstrated to provide better asthma control than either salmeterol/fluticasone plus terbutaline as needed or a fixed maintenance dose of budesonide/formoterol plus terbutaline as needed.
Montelukast, a leukotriene receptor antagonist, is now approved by FDA for the prevention of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction.